Which foods are the best?
Analysis by Al Jazeera shows which foods contain the highest levels of a substance that may help protect against diabetes and heart disease.
Al Jazeera’s Sara Jancar said the findings could have implications for people living with obesity.
“The foods that are the most damaging to your health are the ones that contain the most calories, and the ones where the nutrients are in the highest concentration,” she said.
“That’s because it’s a calorie-based diet.”
This could have an impact on people who are struggling to manage their weight.
“Health experts said the results are consistent with a previous study published in the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition.
It found that eating high in carbs and high in fat, especially in processed foods, led to an increased risk of heart disease and diabetes, although this was not statistically significant.”
People who ate the least amount of fruits, vegetables, nuts and other plant foods and who were also consuming moderate amounts of alcohol, were at an increased incidence of diabetes and cardiovascular disease,” Dr Sarah Goulston, a diabetes expert at the University of Melbourne, told Al Jazeera.
Dr Goulton added that people who had heart disease or were obese had a higher risk of type 2 diabetes.
Al Jazeera’s Alana Hirschfield contributed to this report